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Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship

Provided by American Academy of CME, Inc.

Support for this activity has been made possible through an educational grant from Allergan.

Release date: 8/9/2017
Expiration date: 8/9/2018
Estimated time to complete: 1.5 hours

Activity Description

Each year in the United States, at least 2 million people become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, and at least 23,000 people die as a direct result of these infections. Many more people die from other conditions that were complicated by an antibiotic-resistant infection.

The use of antibiotics is the single most important factor leading to antibiotic resistance around the world. Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in human medicine. However, up to 50% of all antibiotics prescribed for people are not needed or are not prescribed correctly. In addition, antibiotics are commonly used to speed up growth of healthy food animals, one type of use that is not necessary.

Pharmacists play an integral role and serve as leaders within the patient community. Regular updates are required to maintain and improve pharmacists' current knowledge and competence on the topic of antimicrobial stewardship, along with how to educate other healthcare professionals and patients about appropriate antibiotic use. This e-learning online monograph offers a convenient, effective option for pharmacists seeking to improve their knowledge, competence and performance in this regard.


Jennifer Costello, PharmD, BCPS, BC-ADM
Assistant Director of Pharmacy Clinical Services
Residency Program Director
Saint Barnabas Medical Center
Livingston, NJ

Esther King, PharmD
Clinical Pharmacist, Infectious Diseases
Overlook Medical Center
Summit, NJ

Dimple Patel, PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID
Clinical Pharmacist, Infectious Diseases
Morristown Medical Center
Morristown, NJ

Target Audience

This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of pharmacists.

Learning Objectives

After participating in the activity, learners should be better able to

  1. Describe the consequences of inappropriate antibiotic utilization or antibiotic misuse.
  2. List components of Antimicrobial Stewardship and recognize policy changes regarding antibiotic stewardship incorporation in the healthcare continuum.
  3. Identify and implement pharmacist-driven activities that can be incorporated into an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP).
  4. Describe the role of vaccination within an ASP program and educate patients and providers on recent changes in vaccination schedules.


American Academy of CME, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

This activity provides 1.5 contact hours (0.15 CEUs) of continuing education credit. ACPE Universal Activity Number (UAN): 0297-0000-17-002-H01-P. Knowledge.

Disclosure Statement

According to the disclosure policy of the Academy, all faculty, planning committee members, editors, managers and other individuals who are in a position to control content are required to disclose any relevant relationships with any commercial interests related to this activity. The existence of these interests or relationships is not viewed as implying bias or decreasing the value of the presentation. All educational materials are reviewed for fair balance, scientific objectivity and levels of evidence. Disclosures are as follows:


Jennifer L. Costello, PharmD, BCPS, BC-ADM
No relevant financial relationships with commercial interests.

Dimple Patel, PharmD, BCPS, BCPS-AQ ID
Advisory board for scientific information (Theravance), Spouse quality compliance engineer (Janssen, non-therapeutic role)

Esther King, PharmD
Advisory board for scientific information (Theravance)

Planning Committee

John JD Juchniewicz, MCIS, CHCP, Edward Moylan, RP, and Paul J. Miniter, MS, American Academy of CME, Wendy Gloffke, PhD:

No relevant financial relationships with any commercial interests.

This activity will not review off-label or investigational information.


The opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty, and do not represent those of the Academy. This activity is intended as a supplement to existing knowledge, published information, and practice guidelines. Learners should appraise the information presented critically, and draw conclusions only after careful consideration of all available scientific information.

Method of Participation

There are no fees to participate in the activity. Participants must review the activity information including the learning objectives and disclosure statements, as well as the content of the activity. To receive CPE credit for your participation, please complete the post-test (achieving a passing grade of 70% or greater), and program evaluation. Your certificate can be printed immediately. For pharmacists, a statement of credit will be issued through CPE Monitor in 6-8 weeks. Only learners who provided valid NABP e-Profile ID numbers and month and day of birth (MMDD) will be submitted to CPE Monitor for official record of credit.

Hardware/Software Requirements

Please ensure the computer you plan to use meets the following minimum requirements:

  • Operating System: Windows 98 or higher & Macintosh 2.2 or higher
  • Internet Browser (Mac &/Windows): Internet Explorer 6.0 or higher, Google Chrome, Safari 5.0.6 or higher, Firefox 3.0.3 or higher & Opera 5 or higher
  • Broadband Internet connection: Cable, High-speed DSL & any other medium that is internet accessible
  • Monitor Screen Resolution: 320 x 480 or higher
  • Media Viewing Requirements: Adobe Reader, Microsoft Powerpoint, Flash Player & HTML5


For more information about the American Academy of CME privacy policy, please access http://www.academycme.org/privacy.htm


For any questions, please contact: CEServices@academycme.org

Copyright © 2017. This CPE-certified activity is held as copyrighted © by American Academy of CME, Inc. Through this notice, the Academy grants permission of its use for educational purposes only. These materials may not be used, in whole or in part, for any commercial purposes without prior permission in writing from the copyright owner(s).